A timeline of Afghan historical past and US engagement
WASHINGTON – Almost two decades after the US invasion of Afghanistan, the country’s capital fell back under Taliban control.
And just a few weeks before the planned withdrawal of American troops, the American flag was taken down at the US embassy in Kabul on Sunday evening, marking the last step of the evacuation.
The chaotic reports from Kabul limit more than two decades of American efforts in the country to eradicate terrorism and turn the nation into a functioning democratic state. Thousands of Americans have died and nearly $ 830 billion in official spending have frustrated those efforts.
How Afghanistan, a country torn by conflict for decades, got to this place is a long and arduous road.
More:After two decades and billions in spending, the Afghan government collapses as the Taliban Kabul. take in
Here is a timeline of what led to the US invasion in the first place, through recent actions there:
1994: The Taliban, or “students” in the Pashto language, are made up of Islamist fighters in Pakistan and Afghanistan who fought the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan for over a decade. This conflict ended in 1989.
1996: After a two-year civil war, most of Afghanistan comes under the control of the Taliban, who pursue fundamentalist policies and widespread suppression of human rights.
09/11/2001: Al-Qaeda-linked terrorists hijack commercial planes to carry out terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in New York City and the Pentagon outside Washington. The terrorists planned, trained and directed the attacks from Afghanistan.
October 7, 2001: US and British forces begin Operation Enduring Freedom, a bombing campaign against Taliban troops in Afghanistan.
December 17, 2001: The US and allied forces have ousted the Taliban from power in Afghanistan. Al-Qaeda is dispersing.
04/17/2002: President George W. Bush calls for a Marshall Plan for Afghanistan.
March 20, 2003: The US is invading Iraq and diverting military resources and attention away from Afghanistan.
February 17, 2009: President Barack Obama is sending US forces to Afghanistan again to fight the “resurgent” Taliban.
March 27, 2009: Obama announces a new strategy for Afghanistan that ties the group’s return to the Pakistani Taliban in parts of the country. He calls for greater cooperation from Pakistan.
Dec. 1, 2009: Obama announced plans to send 30,000 additional soldiers to Afghanistan on top of the 68,000 already stationed in the country.
May 2, 2011: Obama announces that the US military and CIA agents have successfully found and killed Osama bin Laden.
June 22, 2011: Obama announces troop withdrawal in Afghanistan.
December 5, 2011: World leaders meet in Bonn, Germany to discuss how to create a roadmap for the future of Afghanistan. US and Western allies are investing billions in the development of the Afghan government.
May 27, 2014: Obama announces plan for a full troop withdrawal from Afghanistan by the end of 2016.
September 4, 2014: NATO issues a joint statement declaring that the Afghan security forces will take “full responsibility for the security” of the country by the end of the year. The international coalition ends its operations in Afghanistan, the US continues its own struggle.
August 21, 2017: President Donald Trump warns of a “hasty” withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan, which “would create a vacuum”. Trump said he shared Americans’ “frustration” with wars abroad and assured that “we are not building a nation again; we are killing terrorists”.
September 7, 2019: Trump cancels the peace talks between the US and the Taliban that began in late 2018.
02/29/2020: US President Donald Trump is negotiating an agreement with the Taliban on the withdrawal of US troops by May 1, 2021.
11/17/2020: The Pentagon announces plans to reduce troop strengths in Afghanistan and Iraq to 2,500 in the final days of the Trump administration.
New commander in chief:Trump claims the withdrawal from Afghanistan would have been “much more successful” if he had been president. Would it?
04/14/2021:President Joe Biden has announced that the full withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan will be completed by September 11th.
1st of May: The US begins the final withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan.
July 6th:The US is evacuating Bagram Airfield, the largest military facility in the country since the 2001 invasion.
6th of August: Provincial capitals begin to fall to the Taliban.
8th August: The provincial capitals Sar-e-Pul, Kunduz and Taloqan all fall to the Taliban.
August 11: Fall of the provincial capitals of Badakhshan and Baghlan provinces in the northeast and Farah province in the west.
Who are the Taliban? Many fear that the Taliban will once again end Afghan human rights and support terrorism
13 August: The second largest city in the county, Kandahar, a cultural center and founding site of the Taliban, falls into the hands of the fundamentalists.
August 14: The fourth largest city in the country, Mazar-e-Sharif, falls to the Taliban.
15th of August: Kabul, the state capital, falls to the Taliban. Afghan President fled the country, government collapsed. The US embassy in Kabul is evacuated.
More:Taliban advance in Afghanistan tests Biden’s foreign policy promise “America is back”
Follow Matthew Brown online at @mrbrownsir.